The Pitsa Panels or Pitsa Tablets are a group of painted wooden tablets found near Pitsa Corinthia (Greece). They are the earliest surviving examples of Greek panel painting.
The Alexander Mosaic is the Battle of Issus, dating from circa 100 BC, is a famous mosaic, originally on a floor in the House of the Faun, Pompeii. It depicts a battle between the armies of Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia.
The Egyptian Sphinx was, with only few exceptions in representations of some Queens of the Middle Kingdom, shown as male. Also, the Egyptian Sphinx was viewed as benevolent, a guardian, whereas the Greek Sphinx invariably malevolent towards people. The Sphinx was the embodiment of royal power often shown smiting the King's enemies, or the King himself being represented as a victorious Sphinx trampling on his foes. This Sphinx represents the King Thutmosis III wearing a striped "Nemes" headcloth protected by an Uraeus and a false beard.
Plato was a classic Greek philosopher, mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of natural philosophy, science, and Western philosophy.
This mural from Pompeii is believed to be based on Apelles,' Venus Anadyomene, brought to Rome by Augustus.
The "Discobsous" of Myron is a famous Roman marble copy of the lost Greek bronze original, the latter of which was completed towards the end of the Severe Period, circa 460-450 BC. It is displayed at the British Museum.
The "Laocoon and his Sons," also called the "Laocoon Group," is a monumental sculpture in marble now in the Vatican Museum, Rome, Italy. The stature attributed by the Roman author Pliny the Elder to three sculptors from the island of Rhodes: Agesander, Athenodoros, and Polydoros. It shows the Trojan priest Laocoon and his sons, Antiphantes and Thymbraeus being strangled by sea serpents.
The "Winged Victory of Samothrace," also called the "Nike of Samothrace," is a third century BC marble sculpture of Greek goddess Nike (Victory). Since 1884, it has been displayed at the Louvre and is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world.
Kleobis and Biton is the name of two human brothers in Greek mythology. It is also the name given to a pair of life-size Archaic Greek statues, which are now in Delphi Archaeological Museum, at Delphi Greece. The statues date from 580 BC and come from Argos in the Peloponnese, although they were found at Delphi.
The "Aphrodite of Melos," commonly known as the "Venus de Milo," is a beautiful marble statue now exhibited at the Louvre, Paris. Nothing is known of its sculptor. Experts date it between 200 and 100 BC.